走出威权下的娱乐至死——“媒•未来:从 503 世界新闻自由日到 528 报变 20 周年”系列活动引言

文:黄康伟(“528报变20周年”活动筹委)

今天,每个人都可以架起摄影机和麦克风成为自媒体创作者。而且,市面上提供选择的媒体内容也包罗万象,我们已经可以舍弃传统媒体,浏览自己属意的任何新媒体。如今的“528报变”究竟还有什么值得纪念与深究的意义?这是筹委会内部不断思索的问题。

2001年5月28日,历经华团抗议及评论人罢写运动后,郭令灿依然宣布将南洋报业控股的72.35%股权脱售给马华公会的党营企业华仁控股,华社称这天为“528报变/报殇”。

尔后,马华公会于2006年分批将手上股权转手给张晓卿,使其成为南洋报业的大股东。至此,张晓卿已经掌握了西马6份报纸中的4份,完成报业垄断。最终,张晓卿于2008年将星洲媒体集团、南洋报业控股及香港明报企业合组世华媒体集团,在两地双边上市。这就是这起事件的始末。

该事件也正是威权国家控制媒体及言论自由的缩影。在马来西亚,媒体是特许产业,国家与执政党有取得特许牌照的优势,并且直接控制各大语文的媒体。我们身边熟悉的媒体品牌有者是国营及党营媒体,其余的私营媒体则大多数由与当权者关系良好的朋党经营。

加上马来西亚媒体市场无反垄断法令,朋党只要挟带巨额资本,并且拥有良好的政商关系,自愿成为钳制媒体自由的工具,维持国家、政/朋党与资本控制媒体的环境,即可大者恒大,称霸媒体产业。

图:2001年5月30日,雪华堂联合董总丶教总及校友联总,召开全国华团代表大会反对马华公会收购《南洋商报》及《中国报》,当天共205个团体签盖丶500多人出席。大会认为民营报章是人民的喉舌,任何政党不应干预或企图控制,使其失去独立性和客观性。(隆雪华堂提供照片)

图:2001年5月30日,雪华堂联合董总丶教总及校友联总,召开全国华团代表大会反对马华公会收购《南洋商报》及《中国报》,当天共205个团体签盖丶500多人出席。大会认为民营报章是人民的喉舌,任何政党不应干预或企图控制,使其失去独立性和客观性。(隆雪华堂提供照片)

设法将流量转化为资本

随着马来西亚网络普及,人们受够了单调的传统及电子媒体,转而从网络媒体获取媒体服务。

当然,在部落格、Youtube和脸书等社交媒体刚刚盛行的年代,小资本的自媒体靠着提供替代的资讯,也可以获得固定的流量与收入。随着时间推移,各种网红拍摄的娱乐短片也在网络上流传。

然而,当资本嗅到商机时,他们也自然地效仿及进入网络媒体的市场。企业将既有的媒体内容上载到网络,或者是和网红进行商业合作,成为网红口中的“干爹干妈”,代言自家产品,互惠互利,实现利益最大化。

各个网络媒体都绞尽脑汁吸引观看流量,并且设法将观看流量转化为资本。附图即解释了马来西亚的媒体产业现况。

抵抗党国与资本资讯轰炸

至于公民社会则往往只能将目光放在短期的诉求及动员。例如,最近发生的《当今大马》藐视法庭及《马来前锋报》大裁员等事件,都是群众诉求新闻及媒体自由的案例。

我们固然希望有一个趋向民主化及实现社会正义的媒体环境,但是民办媒体面临诸多局限:媒体法令钳制、资金拮据和小众等因素都导致其难以长期经营。面对党国与资本的资讯轰炸,马来西亚缺乏普及的媒体识读,教育我们识读这些内容。

于是,我们只能摊软在沙发,既麻木又傻笑地滑动下一则帖文及短片。荧幕上一秒是网红夸张地爆粗恶搞,下一秒是政府官员大放厥词,仿佛肥皂剧一般无限循环。

因此,我们必须认知到,马来西亚处在威权政体转型进入民主政体的阵痛期。我们人民既处在威权禁锢言论自由的年代,又活在“娱乐至死”的媒体环境。应该如何重访历史的烂殇,思索未来的出路,才是我们举办“媒·未来:从 503 世界新闻自由日到528报变20周年”系列活动的实质意义。

该系列活动由隆雪华青,联合自由电影网络(FFN)和《无本》独立电影杂志联合推出的系列活动,包括一场线上讲座与两场放映会。5月28日当天,我们将举行一场名为“媒体理事会与媒体改革”(Media Council, now or never?)的线上讲座。

面对上述的媒体环境,该讲座拟从媒体改革的角度,讨论媒体理事会、媒体法规及媒体工作者扮演的角色。我们邀请了来自独立媒体运动(Geramm)代表Radzi Razak、律师陈富生及独立新闻中心(CIJ)执行长瓦莎奈度(Wathshlah Naidu)担任与谈人,隆雪华堂助理秘书司徒奕奕则担任主持人。

强权、记忆与遗忘

线上放映会方面,我们则选择了两部与媒体相关的纪录片。

第一部是本地制作的《Nasir Jani Melawan Lembaga Puaka》(Nasir Jani大战鬼屋),一部关于Nasir Jani及新生代电影工作者与电影审查周旋的故事。联合制作人Zikri Rahman形容“Lembaga”这个词语带双关,既有机构的意思(指涉电影审查制度),也有幽灵的意思(指涉威权主义)。

电影工作者和新闻从业员都属于内容创作者,两者都饱受国家尚未民主化之苦,他们在创作时被迫自我审查,拿捏可能被当局删减的内容,完成后也担忧禁止出品的问题。

我们也邀请了三位电影工作者Nasir Jani、廖克发和夏美玉担任映后座谈的与谈人,讨论本地的电影审查问题;Daniyal Kadir则担任主持人。

第二部则是台湾制作的《苹果的滋味》,乃是关于台湾《苹果日报》与“反媒体垄断运动”运动的纪录片。拥有《苹果日报》的壹传媒于2003年进入台湾后,不但正式确立了台湾文人办报时代结束,商人办报主导发展。该媒体带领的煽色腥(Sensation)新闻也与一步步垄断媒体的旺旺中时集团形成竞争。

无独有偶,随着新媒体的崛起,台湾《苹果日报》也于今年5月中旬和本地的英文报章《马来邮报》(Malay Mail)和《东方日报》一样停止印刷纸本报章,仅维持网络媒体。

国家与资本对于媒体的控制是我们映后座谈的主题,我们邀请了该纪录片的导演李惠仁、《当今大马》高级记者刘嘉铭及稷下学社社长谢癸铨担任与谈人;“528报变20周年”活动筹委黄康伟则是主持人。

 “528报变”已经20年了,下一个十年,我们已经不知道会否有人记得这个日子。 “人类与强权的斗争,就是记忆与遗忘的斗争。”(米兰·昆德拉语)经常成为各种抗争场合的标语。

然而,这句子对于“528报变”来说,意味着活着的人不只是要记住这个日子,更必须记住,威权主义的国家、政/朋党与资本犹如嗜血的鲨鱼,哪里有血腥味(利益),它自然就游向何处,并且将猎物(人民)啃食干净。

总归,媒体改革的难题在于大者恒大,人民唯有不断地挣扎与反抗,才能勉强地游向彼岸(民主),走出威权下的娱乐至死。

参考资料

1.庄迪澎  报殇十四年,就只剩下钱了!

2.傅向红、李永杰    越界与想象:反思民办媒体教育与社会变迁(上)

3.傅向红、李永杰  越界与想象:反思民办媒体教育与社会变迁(下)

4.【自由电影节/02】娓娓生活泪 泪光闪烁尽记电影中

纪录片放映会暨映后座谈 Online Public Screening And Post-Screening Discussion

主办单位 Organiser: 隆雪华青 KLSCAH Youth
合作伙伴 Partner: 自由电影网络 FFN
宣传伙伴 Supported by: 《无本》电影杂志 Wu Ben

直播平台 Streaming platform:
Facebook KLSCAH YOUTH (https://www.facebook.com/KlscahYouth)
联办播单位 Crossposting platform:
Facebook FreedomFilmFest
(https://www.facebook.com/freedomfilmfest)
Facebook Wu Ben (https://www.facebook.com/wuben.editor)

 

“Nasir Jani Melawan Lembaga Puaka” Online Public Screening And Post-Screening Discussion

92’. Cropped rocker’s hair. Live on air. What goes behind the most shocking event in the early nineties Malaysia affecting the career of the one and only Nasir Jani for years to come? Documentary entitled ‘Nasir Jani Melawan Lembaga Puaka’ follows the cult-filmmaker of ‘Kembara Seniman Jalanan’ on his reflective journey looking at the complex culture of censorship in Malaysia. The intertwining of Mahathirism in its early formative period to the ironic culture of authoritarianism, the documentary visualize multiple perspectives of the upcoming filmmakers, Amanda Nell Eu and Steven Sarathbabu grappling and negotiating with the logics of censorship and what goes behind it.

Filmmaker: Arian Md Zahari
Date: 29 May 2021 (Saturday)
Time: 3.00pm-4.30pm
Language: English/ Malay/ Bahasa Rojak

Panelists:
Nasir Jani (Film director)
Anna Har (Executive Director of the FFN)
Lau Kek Huat (Film director)
Moderator: Daniyal Kadir (Writer)

 

《苹果的滋味》放映会暨映后座谈

时间回到2000年,台湾首度政党轮替,也就是在这个时候香港壹传媒主席黎智英闻到了商机,于是,他成功的把壹週刊、苹果日报移植到台湾。2008年,台湾二次政党轮替,当时的中时集团因为金融海啸急需现金,打算把整个集团卖给壹传媒的黎智英,然而这隻煮熟的鸭子竟然被蔡衍明给抢走了。错失中时媒体集团这件事,两年之后,让黎智英面临人生最大的挫败。

当年,他从澳门游泳到香港,创立了平价服饰佐丹奴。六四天安门事件,他的佐丹奴T恤印上各式标语如“您好!请您下来!”或是“下来!我们愤怒了!”。

沿着历史的轨迹,重新审视壹传媒如何让台、港、中产生了不可逆的物理变化?苹果咬一口,滋味如何?台湾人最懂!

导演:李惠仁
日期:2021年5月29日(星期六)
时间:晚上7时-晚上10时
语言:中文/Bahasa Rojak

主讲人:
李惠仁(导演)
谢癸铨(稷下学社社长)
刘嘉铭(《当今大马》高级记者)
主持人:黄康伟(“528报变20周年”活动筹委)

The Authoritarian Shadows and Amusing Ourselves to Death – Reflecting on Malaysia’s Media Freedom 20 Years After the Malicious Acquisition of Nanyang Press

The Authoritarian Shadows and Amusing Ourselves to Death – Reflecting on Malaysia’s Media Freedom 20 Years After the Malicious Acquisition of Nanyang Press

By Oung Kang Wei (Event organising committee)

Translate By Leong Jie Yu

Are there any lessons left from the malicious acquisition of Nanyang Press 20 years ago? We could not help but ask. At this day and age where everyone can be a self-media content creator with relatively cheap recording equipment, a myriad of entertainment options saturating the current media market, and consumers being more than ready to dispose of traditional media and embrace the new ones, the world seems to be moving on fine. What else is there worth commemorating still?

The incident that happened on 28th of May 2001 will always be known as the 528 Press Injury by the Chinese community. Business tycoon Quek Leng Chan announced his decision to sell 72.35% of Nanyang Press Holdings’ equities to MCA’s investment arm, Huaren Holdings, despite facing protests from the Chinese community and dissenting writers who went on strike. 5 years later, said equities changed into the hands of Tan Sri Tiong Hiew King, which made him the largest owner of Nanyang Press Holdings. Tiong had then successfully monopolized the Chinese press industry as he owned 4 out of the 6 main Chinese newspapers in West Malaysia. In 2008, Tiong merged Sin Chew Media Corporation, Nanyang Press Holdings, and Ming Pao Enterprise (Hong Kong) to form Media Chinese International, which went on to be dual-listed on Hong Kong and Malaysia’s exchanges.

The Nanyang takeover crisis was the epitome of Malaysia’s freedom of speech and the authoritarian state-controlled press. Special permission is required to operate in the Malaysian media industry, and so the state and its governing party will be at an advantageous position to acquire such licensing, directly allowing them control over the media in all major languages. Most of the well-known media groups are either state or political party owned, while the other private media groups are operated by cronies friendly with those in power. As Malaysia lacked anti-monopoly laws against the concentration of media ownership, it is a winner-takes-all situation for the state’s political cronies. Armed with huge capitals and shielded by their fellow politicians, these cronies acquire monopoly over the media sector and willingly offer their services to clamp down on press freedom, so as to maintain a conducive media environment that favours the state and its political and capitalist cronies.

When the people’s interest was dulled by the traditional press and electronic media, the internet served up fresh alternatives for their information consumption. Self-media groups with limited capitals are able to survive under the income brought in by consistent traffic when social media such as blogs, YouTube, and Facebook came into bloom. Not long after, the internet was also swamped with viral entertainment content produced by online celebrity. The capitalists naturally pounced on such opportunities to take up their share of profit from the online market. Apart from uploading their current media content onto social media, they also engage celebrity to be their product spokesperson. Under this partnership arrangement, both online celebrity and capitalists are maximizing their profits and mutually benefitting each other. As of now, the online media strives hard to compete for watch time, trying their very best to convert the attention traffic towards generating capital for themselves. The following chart illustrates the current situation faced by our media industry.

 

Resisting the information bombardment from the authoritarian state and capitalism

Meanwhile, our civil society sees no further than short-term demands and mobilisation. The people’s participation in demanding for free press and media is best witnessed through incidents such as Malaysiakini’s contempt of court case and Utusan Malaysia’s large-scale retrenchment. As much as we wish that our media could move towards democratisation and advance social justice, the long-term development and management of alternative media groups are faced with challenges from draconian media laws, funding constraints, and a lack of mass appeal. On top of that, Malaysians lack education in media literacy to deal with the information bombardment from our authoritarian state and capitalism. Instead, we are succumbed to the mind-numbing scrolling over posts and short clips on social media, where the exaggerated acts of vulgar pranks and the empty talks of politicians were put on loop to evoke a conditioned yet involuntary laugh that prompts us to scroll on even further.

Right now, Malaysia is undergoing a difficult phase of transition from the authoritarian rule to democratic governance. Our freedom of speech is policed by the authoritarian power, and on the other hand we are gasping for air under a media environment that intends to amuse us to death. Our event “Reflecting on Malaysia’s Media Freedom: 20 Years After the Malicious Acquisition of Nanyang Press” is an attempt to elevate the public dialogue, revisit our past wounds in media censorship, and to contemplate the future of Malaysia’s media industry.

Held in collaboration with KLSCAH Youth, Freedom Film Network and WuBen Film Magazine, this event consists of an online forum and two documentary screenings. On the day of 28th of May, we have “Media Council, Now or Never?”, an online forum that discusses the roles that the media council, media laws, and media practitioners play in reshaping the industry’s landscape. The forum will be moderated by Soo Hoo Yi Yi, assistant secretary of KLSCAH, and our line of panelists are Radzi Razak from Geramm, Vincent Tan Hoo Seh, a law practitioner, and Wathshlah Naidu, the executive director of the CIJ.

Our memories and our forgetfulness on power

For the online documentary screenings, we are first featuring the local-made Nasir Jani Melawan Lembaga Puaka. This documentary narrates what Nasir Jani and the new generation of filmmakers have always been wrestling with — The Film Censorship Board of Malaysia (LPF). Zikri Rahman, the co-producer of this film, revealed that the word play on “Lembaga” could be understood as both the institution of the film censorship system and also a spectre of the authoritarian power.

As content creators, both film makers and news producers have suffered under the authoritarian rule. They would have to first censor their own works in the making, trying hard to gauge the kinds of content that might not get past the authorities. The fear that their works will be banned hangs over their heads long past the production process. Three filmmakers, Nasir Jani, Lau Kek Huat, and Anna Har are invited to talk about the problems on local film censorship, and the session will be moderated by Daniyal Kadir.

The second screening features “Documentary of Appledaily”, a Taiwanese documentary that tells the story of Apple Daily and the Anti-Media Monopoly Campaign. The owner of Apple Daily, Next Digital, was stationed in Taiwan in 2003. This incident marked the official start of an era where businessmen took over the roles of intellectuals in the news production industry. Next Digital led the featuring of sensational news and gossip in the industry and later joined in the competition against Want Want China Times Media Group to acquiring monopoly over the media industry. With the rise of new media came the cease of Apple Daily’s print publication. This was coincidentally a mirror of what happened also to our local Malay Mail and Oriental Daily, where all these press outlets moved all their operations online. The theme of our post-screening discussion focuses on the state and capitalists’ control over media, and will be moderated by Oung Kang Wei, the organising committee member of this event. Our board of panelists consists of Kevin H.J. Lee, director of the documentary, Low Chia Ming, Malaysiakini’s seasoned reporter, and Cheah Khui Chen, Lyceum Society’s president.

Two decades have passed since the malicious acquisition of Nanyang Press. What will we collectively remember still in the ten years to come? Milan Kundera once said, “The struggle of man against power is the struggle of memory against forgetting.” The quote went on to be the face for many resistance movements, but what significance does it have over this incident? To us, what more important is to remember that we will always the prey waiting to be devoured by the authoritarian state and its cronies who will do anything to get to where the profit lies. When the winner continues to take all, the Malaysian media reform will hardly be ever within our reach. Democracy would not come easy, and it is only through the constant struggles and resistance of the people could we have a chance of exiting the shadows of authoritarianism and wake up from amusing ourselves to death.

Reference

  1. 庄迪澎/报殇十四年,就只剩下钱了!链接:http://mediamalaysia.net/archives/4491
  2. 傅向红、李永杰/越界与想象:反思民办媒体教育与社会变迁(上)。链接:https://www.malaysiakini.com/news/77408
  3. 傅向红、李永杰/越界与想象:反思民办媒体教育与社会变迁(下)。链接:https://www.malaysiakini.com/news/77469
  4. 【自由电影节/02】娓娓生活泪 泪光闪烁尽记电影中。链接:https://www.sinchew.com.my/content/content_2382653.html

 

【Forum】 Media Council, now or never?

The media is our window to the world. From newspapers to radio and television broadcasts, to even the mobile phones that we hold dearly in our palms, we will be informed of everything that goes on in the world. In the past, traditional media had complete control over the production and dissemination of information. This was also why the state and its capitalist and political cronies have all attempted to control the media so that they could hold on to their reins of power.

The malicious acquisition of Nanyang Press happened 20 years ago today. Nanyang Press was bought over by MCA, and that caused Media Chinese International Limited to have monopoly over the newspaper industry. It became difficult for Malaysian media to play its role as the Fourth Estate, and it also meant that the jobs of all media personnel were put into a precarious situation.

At the same time, the Malaysian media landscape sees the burgeoning of new media and self-media. On one hand, it sees the rise and fall of news sites that struggled with upholding truth and objectivity on this new platform; and on the other hand, the after-work lives of the salaryman are taken over by the addictive, vulgarity-filled self-media that would amuse themselves to death.

Right now, the political reform of Malaysia has been crippled under our current state of emergency. What can the Media Council do to advocate media reform for the next decade? How would the media stand against the intervention of the state and its capitalist and political cronies in order to foster a media ecosystem that is sustainable and of high quality? Could our media personnel survive through this embattled situation?

Reflecting on Malaysia’s Media Freedom: 20 Years After the Malicious Acquisition of Nanyang Press

Forum: Media Council, now or never?
Date: 28 May 2021
Time: 8pm
Streaming platform:
Facebook KLSCAH YOUTH (https://www.facebook.com/KlscahYouth)
Crossposting platform:
Facebook FreedomFilmFest (https://www.facebook.com/freedomfilmfest)
Facebook Wu Ben (https://www.facebook.com/wuben.editor)

Panelists:
Radzi Razak (Geramm Representative)
Vince Tan Hoo Seh (Lawyer)
Wathshlah Naidu (Executive Director of the CIJ)

Moderator: Soo Hoo Yi Yi (Assistant Secretary at KLSCAH)
Organiser: KLSCAH Youth

媒•未来——从 503 世界新闻自由日到 528 报变 20 周年 Reflecting on Malaysia’s Media Freedom: 20 Years After the Malicious Acquisition of Nanyang Press

系列活动简介:
媒•未来——从 503 世界新闻自由日到 528 报变 20 周年”是隆雪华青、自由电影网络(FFN) 和《无本》独立电影杂志联合推出的系列活动。我们想要透过线上讲座和放映会,重访历史的烂殇,思索未来的出路。

20年前,马华公会主导收购南洋报业控股,掌握《南洋商报》及《中国报》,引起华人社会哗然。从华团的抗议到评论人罢写,上述行动皆在对于政党插手媒体产业表达不满。尔后,马华公会将南洋报业控股脱手,成就了今日世华媒体的报业垄断局面。类似的情景也在其他语文的报业,甚至电视、广播及电影等媒体产业里面发生。

由上,我们见证了威权体制国家透过政府法令,联合政/朋党与资本控制媒体的过程。因此,我们希望可以回顾这场“报变”遗留下来的旧问题,盘点今天全球化底下的新媒体问题,并且在国家权力日益膨胀的时刻,讨论人民在这块土地上的言论自由,一起思索新闻及媒体的未来。

主要活动:
线上讲座:媒体理事会与媒体改革
日期:2021年5月28日(星期五)
时间:晚上8时
语言:英文(English)
平台:脸书直播
主办单位:隆雪华青

纪录片放映会暨映后座谈
主办单位:隆雪华青
合作伙伴:自由电影网络(FFN)
宣传伙伴:《无本》电影杂志
放映平台:脸书直播

纪录片:Nasir Jani Melawan Lembaga Puaka
日期:2021年5月29日(星期六)
时间:下午3时至4时30分
语言:英文 /马来文/ Bahasa Rojak

纪录片:苹果的滋味
日期:2021年5月29日(星期六)
时间:晚上7时至晚上10时
语言:中文/Bahasa Rojak

Event Description:
“Reflecting on Malaysia’s Media Freedom: 20 Years After the Malicious Acquisition of Nanyang Press” invites its participants to revisit the past wounds of media censorship in Malaysia. Organised in partnership with KLSCAH Youth, Freedom Film Network and WuBenthis online event features a forum, two documentary screenings and discussions that centre around the search for a better future within the industry of Malaysian media.

It was 20 years ago when MCA acquired Nanyang Press Holdings and dominated control over both Nanyang Press and China Press, which caused an uproar within the Chinese community. Chinese associations launched protests and writers went on strike to dissent the intervention of political parties in the media. MCA then sold off their Nanyang Press Holdings, which lead to the monopoly of Media Chinese International Limited over the newspaper industry. We are no strangers to such incidents, for it has long happened to the English and Malay press, and has also been affecting the television, broadcasting, and film industry too.

Through the implementation of government policies and the works of its capitalist and political cronies, the media came under control of the authoritative state before our very eyes. We shall together reflect on the legacy of this crisis, identify the global rise of problems caused by new media, discuss the freedom of our speech in the face of an expanding state power, and contemplate the future of Malaysian news and media.

Main event:
Forum: Media Council, now or never?
Date: 28 May 2021(Friday)
Time: 8pm
Language: English
Platform: FB Live
Organiser: KLSCAH Youth

Online Public Screening And Post-Screening Discussion
Organiser: KLSCAH Youth
Partnership: Freedom Film Network (FFN)
Supported by: Wuben
Platform: FB Live

Film: Nasir Jani Melawan Lembaga Puaka
Date: 29 May 2021 (Saturday)
Time: 3pm-4.30pm
Language: English/ Malay/ Bahasa Rojak

Film: The Taste of Apple: Documentary of Apple Daily
Date: 29 May 2021 (Saturday)
Time: 7pm-10pm
Language: Chinese/ Bahasa Rojak

1起投票8知识挑战

在全球195个国家当中,逾95%的国家已经把投票年龄降至18岁。依然维持21岁投票的国家包括黎巴嫩、阿曼、萨摩亚、新加坡、汤加王国等。

翻看历史,在1946年,捷克斯洛伐克是最早把投票年龄下调至18岁。1970年代,西欧国家纷纷把投票年龄下调至18岁,当中以英国在1970年1月1日最先落实。到了20世纪结束之时,世界上差不多大多数国家的投票年龄都已下调至18岁。

青年不仅仅代表未来,他们就代表现在。我国的人口资料显示20岁到40岁的青年占总人口的35.4%。当中,18岁至21岁青年约有200万人。

根据马哈迪在2019年国会修宪案中表示,预计在2023年,合格选民将增加50%,选民手册增至2,270万人,比2018年大选时的1,490万合格选民人数,增多780万人。以平均数来计算,每年大概增加150万年龄18岁的新选民。

自选委会在3月25日宣布展延落实18岁投票和自动选民登记制至2022年9月。假如国会在明年9月前解散,那么3年将近450万的年龄介于18岁到20岁的新选民的投票权被否决。

一些政治人物声称,相对于21岁以上的公民,18岁到20岁之间的年轻人还没准备好投票,心智成熟程度无法达标。针对以上言论,我们试着反问:“目前的投票年龄是订在21岁,那又是依什么证据去说明21岁已经够成熟了呢?”

成熟与投票权无关,也不在于什么年龄已经算是成熟了,而是我们的社会是否有提供足够的资讯,让年轻人在开放的空间做出讨论和思辨。

因此,隆雪华青与《当今大马》新闻实验室联合制作三语《1起投票8知识挑战》,希望通过这个来证明政治人物的说法是不正确的。《1起投票8知识挑战》的问题与选举和投票有关,分两组年龄即20岁以下以及21岁以上,一共有10道问题,每答对一题参与者就得1分,满分为10分。游戏最后会显示个别年龄层得平均分数。

此外,隆雪华青赞助20名学生一年的《当今大马》订阅配套。参与者只需在完成游戏后,填写线上表格就有机会赢取。有关订阅配套只限25岁或以下的在籍学生,20个名额乃随机选出,以及隆雪华青秘书处将保存所有参与者的个人资料,不做任何第三方用途。

【线上课程】马来西亚国防政策与战略

国无防不立,民无防不安,国防是为捍卫国家主权、领土完整和安全,防御外来侵略者所进行的军事及相关方面的建设,更视为国家生存与发展的安全保障,因此国防建设对每一个国家而言至关重要。2019年12月2日,时任国防部长莫哈末沙布向国会提呈了主题为“一个安全、主权及繁荣的马来西亚”的《国防白皮书》,阐述我国未来10年的国防策略。

隆雪华青邀请蓝中华和参与者探讨地缘政治如何影响大马的军事战略和部署、未来战争的趋势以及对我国带来的挑战,希望提高参与者们对国防的认识。

此课程开放给公众参与,欢迎有兴趣者踊跃报名。

活动详情:
日期:2021年3月17日&18日(星期三&四)
时间:晚上8时-10时
平台:Zoom
讲师:蓝中华
课程内容:
第一堂:地缘政治与军事战略的选择
第二堂:马来西亚能打嬴未来战争吗?

报名费:团员/在籍大专生10令吉,公众20令吉
报名链接:https://forms.gle/fWGQA7eNuZMt8TRq5

【线上讲座】自媒体时代:个人与社会的网红现象

在网络科技普及化、自媒体平台的勃兴下,网红应运而生,成为新兴职业,备受年轻一代推崇。无论是网红营销、网红分手、或是近日朱浩仁《白娃娃》MV事件, 都潜移默化地渗透我们的生活,改变着我们特别是年轻一代的思维模式、行为取向和价值观念,影响不容小觑。

究竟网红文化的繁盛不息背后折射出怎样的社会思潮和经济发展?此讲座将剖析网红作为自媒体时代的产物对媒体生态、年轻一代带来的利弊。

题目:自媒体时代:个人与社会的网红现象
日期:2021年2月4日(星期四)
时间:晚上8时
直播平台:隆雪华青脸书

主讲人:
李建鸿(职业煮夫,偶尔写作)
郭朝河(媒体人)
许慧珊(专栏作者、中小学活动策划与执行)

主持人:
吴景浩(隆雪华青理事)

防疫与人权:从公卫政策到言论自由

2020年,新冠病毒于全球迅速蔓延开来,各地城市以不同的方式执行防疫措施,连带地冲击了各个领域的发展。国家的权力进一步贯穿至民间,人权也受到侵犯。全球的医疗体系也在疫情中倍受挑战,弱势者在病毒面前犹如蝼蚁一般。

我国自3月中以来施行了不同阶段的行动管制令(MCO),如今西马多个州属也施行了有条件行动管制令(CMCO)。当中,国家的权力迅速膨胀,处在社会边缘的弱势者饱受歧视及不公的对待,并且被排除在防疫措施与政策之外。同时,人民的表达意见的自由也处处受到限制。

配合12月10日世界人权日,同时也接近本年度的尾声,我们期盼为全球进行一份“人权体检“。本讲座邀请了三位讲者,分别从不同的角度探讨:全球公共卫生体系与防疫政策的比较、疫情对社会边缘群体的冲击及疫情中的国族主义崛起。期盼透过思辨,寻找挣脱枷锁的可能。

活动资料如下:
联办单位:隆雪华青、董总
讲题:防疫与人权:从公卫政策到言论自由
日期:2020年12月10日(星期四)
时间:晚上8点
平台:隆雪华青和董总脸书

讲者
1. 林志翰博士(公卫政策研究员、群议社社员)
2. 张玉珊(异样(Diversity)成员)
3. 黄康伟(2020年人权月筹委)

主持:李淑炜(雪华青秘书)

 

2020年人权月之18岁公民教育手册《1起投票8》推介礼暨“新选民如何看待来届大选”讲座

国会于去年7月通过修宪案,赋予18岁至20岁青年选举权和参选权,同时落实全民登记。这无疑让年轻选民大幅度增加,视为影响我国政局的关键选票。政党间也降低入党年龄门槛至16岁,希望能吸引年轻一代的加入。

配合今年人权月的主题“1起投票8”,隆雪华青除了制作中巫的公民教育手册,也将举办一场“新选民如何看待来届大选”讲座,从中探讨新选民的需求、对我国目前政局的看法以及首投族要如何投下手中神圣的一票。

主题:2020年人权月之18岁公民教育手册《1起投票8》推介礼暨“新选民如何看待来届大选”讲座

推介人:
谢春荣(隆雪华青顾问)
YB黄思汉(雪州地方政府、公共交通及新村发展事务行政议员)

主持:刘毅龙(隆雪华青理事)

讲题:新选民如何看待来届大选?
日期:2020年12月8日(二)
时间:晚上8点
平台:隆雪华青

主讲阵容:
侯枣怡(新纪元大学学院戏剧与影像系在籍生)
Anusha(Undi18 Programme Associate)
叶纹清(大马新学运联盟秘书长)